From an oped piece titled This is Bahasa Indonesia.
On October 28, 1928, Indonesian students and youth gathered in Jakarta to declare the Youth Pledge – generally accepted as the first open declaration of Indonesian independence – which called for a united independent Indonesia under the theme of “One Nation, One People, One Language”.
In commemorating the 91th anniversary of the Youth Pledge, President Joko Widodo said he believed that Indonesia could be an advanced country in the hands of the youth and could move forward as long as the youth joins hands to develop the nation.
Students and young people in major cities around the country meanwhile commemorated Youth Pledge Day with protests against the government – many of which criticised Widodo for failing to listen to young people and using the security forces and violence to silence youth protesters.
Other demands taken up by protesters included calling on Widodo to annul the problematic Corruption Eradication Commission Law, rejecting a series of anti-democratic draft laws, calling for the enactment of the sexual violence bill, demanding that companies burning forest to clear land for plantations be arrested and tried, an end to the criminalisation of activists, resolving past human rights violations, ending the dual socio-political role of the military and for the withdraw of troops from West Papua.