Jakarta – Transparency International Indonesia (TII) has recorded Indonesia's 2022 Corruption Perception Index (IPK) as falling to 34 or a decline of four points since the previous year.
Meanwhile Indonesia is ranked 110 out of 180 countries that were involved. The decline in Indonesia's IPK this year is seen as the worst since reformasi – the political reform process that began in 1998.
"Indonesia's 2022 CPI (Corruption Perception Index) is 34, with a ranking of 110. Compared with last year it declined four points and by 14 points in its ranking", said TII Deputy Secretary General Wawan Suyatmiko during a press conference at the Pullman Hotel in Jakarta on Tuesday January 31.
The international organisation, which aims to fight political corruption, releases the IPK scores for each country once a year. The score is based on an indicator of 0 for very corrupt to 100 meaning very clean.
In relation to other ASEAN countries, Indonesia is below Singapore, which has an IPK of 83, Malaysia with 47, East Timor and Vietnam with 42 and Thailand with a score of 36.
Suyatmiko revealed that with this decline, Indonesia has only been able to increase its IPK score by two points from a score of 32 over the last decade or since 2012.
This situation he explained, shows that the response to the practice of corruption is still moving slowly and has even worsened as a consequence of minimal concrete support from stakeholders.
"This score is a decline of four points from 2021 or the most drastic decline since 1995", said Suyatmiko.
Suyatmiko said that there are eight indicators used in compiling the IPK score.
Three indexes suffered a decline compared with last year, namely the PRS International Country Risk Guide (dropping from 48 to 35), the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (dropping from 44 to 39) and the PERC Asia Risk Guide (dropping from 32 to 29).
The indexes that experienced an increase were the World Justice Project – Rule of Law Index (rising from 23 to 24) and the Varieties of Democracy Project (rising from 22 to 24).
The other three indexes meanwhile stagnated, namely the Global Insight Country Risk Ratings (47), the Bertelsmann Foundation Transform Index (33) and the Economist Intelligence Unit Country Ratings (37).
Globally, Denmark was the country placed in first position with an IPK score of 90. This was followed by Finland and New Zealand with IPK scores of 87.
According to Suyatmiko, strong democratic institutions and a high regard for human rights also tends to make countries the most peaceful according to the Global Peace Index.
Meanwhile countries such as South Sudan (13), Syria (13) and Somalia (12), all of which are involved in prolonged conflicts, remain in the lower rankings. Aside from these, as many as 26 countries including Qatar (58), Guatemala (24) and Britain (73) are in their lowest positions historically this year. (ryn/fra)
[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was "Indeks Persepsi Korupsi RI Turun Jadi 34, Terburuk Sepanjang Reformasi".]